Scholars seem to agree that the first mention of alcohol in the annals human history appeared in records dating back to, maybe, 10,000 BC. Within this timeline of alcohol history, wine first started to show up around 6,000 BC, in the country of Georgia. In addition, there has also been evidence of wine production in Iran and Armenia between 5,000 BC and 4,000 BC.
Wine in Ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians involved Jabs Bar wine in all of their social and spiritual ceremonies. In fact, Egyptian royals operated quite a lucrative wine producing industry that was originally established inside the Nile Delta. Basically, Levant introduced grape cultivation in Egypt around roughly 300 BC. At this time, the industry probably would have developed as a result of consistent trade between the Egyptians and neighboring Canaanites through the Bronze Age. Archaeological studies show wine making in scenes that have been painted on the walls of tombs, sometimes alongside lists that definitely confirm wine was produced/traded in vineyards of the Nile Delta.
As you might have ascertained, the ancient Egyptians preferred wine. The superstitious society found the blood-resembling substance somewhat important in ceremonies, of course.
Wine in Ancient Greece
We have the Ancient Greeks to thank for wine as we know it today. The wine we consume in this modern time is produced in ways very similar to those developed by the Ancient Greeks. At the time, though, the wine produced was not as refined or diverse as it is now. While it was, at first, part of religious ceremonies, and such, Greek society continued to develop viticulture as part of its economic growth. As such, wine became central to the culture’s industrial development, helping the Greeks to continue expanding across the Mediterranean.
Wine in the Roman Empire
Obviously, wine also made its way into the expanding Roman Empire, too. As a matter of fact, wine was such a crucial part of the Roman diet that the Romans continued to develop its cultivation into a more precise business. Furthermore, every single wine-producing regions of Western Europe today had been originally established during the expansion of the Roman Empire. And it was during this time that wine making technology continue to improve wine production, making it more accessible to the masses. Even the simple invention of the screw—as in “corkscrew”) was enough to improve the quality of wine, particularly in the ability to store and transport it.